2017 北京国际设计周 —— 理想型 · 关于建筑城市实验(ASRI)

2017 北京国际设计周 —— 理想型 · 关于建筑城市实验(ASRI)

2017-09-27

ideal type

理想型

ASRI参加2017北京国际设计周

所谓的社会,是一种:“理想型”。个人对他们的节奏生活是无意识的,他们呆在一个地方无知的状态。而这种有节奏的生活是监管和公共媒体的结合效应的产物。那么节奏与城市的关系将如何?震动与事件的关系将如何?我们以震动的不自知方式来产生能量,当这种能量扩大或加以聚集,事件又将如何发生?现代社会结构动态抽象的构成反映的并非现实本我,那么城市的表面下所隐藏的关于社会成长(社会水平)、社会发展(质的状态)及社会进步(方向性/结构起因 )存在怎样一种隐喻与思考?城市作为一个复杂系统,在一个城市系统中存在大量的自组织机制 ,人们对于信息是如何判断和处理的?城市基于“流”的发展,“人”本质上是有方向的,社会单元根据局部环境的供需均衡情况决定其行为(转变、迁 移、维持等)。人与其生存的城市究竟是什么关系?认为经济和社会力量塑造城市并不能诠释微观现象的产生及物质城市是如何产生,空间也并非消极的客观的存在。假设建筑是一种适应性学科,它存在的理由是以各种方式迂回融入现有的关系与结构之中,极具实验性。

The so-called society is ‘an ideal type’. Individuals unconsciously live in their rhythmic life, and stay in variety locations in an innocent condition. This rhythmic life is the result of regulation and public media. So what is the relationship between the rhythm and the city? What is the relationship between movement and events? We generate energy by movement unconsciously. When the energy gets larger or aggregate, how will events evolve? What the dynamic and abstract constitution of modern social structure reflects is not the inner self. For the social growth (level and quality), social development (essential state) and social progress (directional/structural causes) which are hiding just beneath the surface of the city, where will their metaphor and thinking lead to?  As a complex system, there are a large number of self-organizing structures in a city system. How do people judge and deal with information?Urban development is based on ‘flow’, for individuals have their destination in essence. Social unit determines what action (change, movement, maintenance, etc) individuals will take according to supply and demand in local. What is the relationship between a man and the city he lives in? That Economic force and social force are basic forces which make the metropolis 'development pattern cannot give an explanation to the production of microscopic phenomena and material city. At the same time, Space is not a negative and objective reality. Assuming that architecture is an adaptive science, the reason for its existence is that it applies to existing relationships and structures in various ways, which is extremely experimental.


1.The 51% Positiveliberty Occupied By The Bank

The meaning of positiveliberty comes from that I want my life and the decision all depend on myself, not any kind of external power. I hope to live for myself instead of the will of others. I want to be a subject, not an object; I hope that I am driven by my own rational and conscious purpose, rather than being infuenced by foreign causes. I want to be somebody not nobody; to take actions - to make decisions, not to be decided. I want to realize that I am a man with my own thought, will, and motivation.

我从来没有预料到事情的发生,也没有能力把它们控制住。我所能做的就是努力达到最好的结果,即使在这样的结果中,我的存在被排除在外。积极的意义是,我希望我的生活和决定都靠自己,没有任何一种外部力量支配。我希望为自己而活,而不是别人的意愿。我想成为一个主体,而不是一个客体;我希望我被自己的理性和自觉的目标所驱使,而不是受外来因素的影响。我想做一个真正的人;有行动,能自主决定,而不是被人定夺。我想感知到我是一个有自己的想法、意志和动力的人。



2.The Plant Of “Eternity”

At each time of turn, there is always a bunch of disappointing guys. At this time, what people pursue shall evaporate into the sky just like rain drops and fall from the sky at a probability beyond our mastery. The times and people always welcome new guests. After the old guys have lost all the have, they will fade away in history.However, these people frmly believe that they deserve to hold what they possess. Just like today’s elite class in big cities, they believe they have capital, wisdom, power and that they can manage a decent live, they will never be loosers. They also believe that the world is reasonable enough、

每个时代,都有许多失路的人。在这个时候,人们追求的东西会像雨滴一样从天上掉下来,以我们无法掌握的概率从天上掉下来。时代和人们总是欢迎新客人。先来者失去了所有的东西后,他们会在历史上褪色。但是,这些人坚信他们应该拥有他们所拥有的一切。就像今天在大城市的精英阶层,他们相信他们有资本,智慧,力量,他们可以过上体面的生活,他们将永远不会是失败者。他们也相信世界是合理的。



3.The Piece of The World

Everything in the world is made up by small pieces. We see the world through senses of vision, hearing, touch and smell, reflecting the pieces to our brains, where the world we personally perceived is formed. We live in a world made by pieces. They are formulated within certain regulations and run in stability. What if we reformulate those pieces with different laws? Will new laws come into beings for a stable new world?

世界万物皆由小而大构成,人视觉、听觉、触觉、嗅觉感受万物的一面再将其碎片式反馈給大脑,大脑将其编译组织产生一个认知的“世界”。我们存在一个碎片组成的世界,碎片已各自的规律构成,发展出一个看似稳定的状态。若我们将执行不同规律的碎片重组,他们是否能发展出另一套维持稳定状态的规律呢?



4.Courtyard Matrix

In many historical and traditionalcourtyard districts, local residents are renting yards to young artists, small company owners and tourists. New public functions are thriving in the yards.This project focus on the topological transformation of courtyards in order to contain new public functions and use the space logic of a group of yards to generate a multi-function complex. The relationship of traditional yards and streets as well as the different sense of publicity in and out of the yards are maintained in the complex design.

在许多历史悠久的传统庭院区,当地居民正在向年轻艺术家,小公司业主和游客出租场地。新的公共职能,在院子里蓬勃发展。该项目侧重于庭院的拓扑转型,以便包含新的公共功能,并使用一组码的空间逻辑来生成多功能复合体。复杂的设计保持了传统院落与街道之间的关系以及场内和场外不同的宣传意识。



5.Launching The Sun

So-called now industry society, is a kind of: "ideal type".The structure of "modern industrial society" is statically disassembled with a new perspective, the structure is studied in the process of dynamic process.This abstract composition concept reflects the abstract in reality rather than reality itself. The social structure researches the fracture surface on the spatial coordinates while the soQcial change researches the extension of time on the spatial coordinates. The two are in a parallel relationship. Which kind of metaphor and thought do the social growth (social level), social development (status of quality) and social progress (directional/structure cause) hidden under the surface of a city show? How will the urban renewal be in the structural change?

所谓的工业社会,是一种理想型。现代工业社会的结构是以新的视角静态分解的,结构在动态过程中被研究。这个抽象的概念反映的是现实中的抽象而不是现实本身。社会结构研究空间坐标上的断裂面,而社会变化则研究时间空间坐标上的延伸。二者是平行的关系。城市表面下隐藏的社会发展(社会水平)、社会发展(质量状况)和社会进步(方向 / 结构原因)是什么样的隐喻和思想?城市更新将如何在结构上发生变化?



6.Woven Streets

This project starts from a research into a film which called The Battleship Potemkin. Various kinds of shots consist this film, which include short, medium and long shots. Influenced by the relationship of these different shots in this flm, we start our research to discuss whether these different shots can be regarded as different kinds of space type and how different space relate to each other like these different shots. Hutong is the most representative street block type in Beijing, thus we select six representative hutong in the north of Beijing to do the research. We find that commercial activities have a great impact on traditional living space in this specifc street block through the research. Although these activities enrich the forms of hutong’s existence, these activities also generate negative impact on residents’ daily life. In recent years, the local government tears down numerous shops and bars in these hutong as many conflicts exist between these activities and local people who live in hutong. In order to reserve these commercial spaces which are tore down by the government, we summarize the attributes of these commercial space and to fnd an alternative way to enable these commercial spaces to continue to exist.

本次设计开始于对前苏联经典影片战舰波将金号的观看研究。各种类型的镜头组成了这部电影,包括短,中,长镜头。由于这部影片中不同镜头的关系,我们开始研究这些不同的镜头是否可以被视为不同的空间类型,以及不同的空间是如何相互关联的,就像这些不同的镜头。胡同是北京最具代表性的街区类型,因此我们选取了北京北方六个有代表性的胡同进行研究。通过调研我们发现,商业活动对这特定街区传统居住空间有很大的影响。虽然这些活动丰富了胡同的存在形式,但这些活动也对居民的日常生活产生了负面影响。近年来,当地政府在胡同里大量的商店和酒吧,因为这些活动和住在胡同里的当地居民之间存在着许多冲突。为了保护这些被政府拆除的商业空间,我们总结这些商业空间的属性,找到使这些商业空间继续存在的另一种方式。



7.When the country marries Beijing

The design shows that a child took part in the metamorphosis, misbehaving in the city, went to the countryside to transform, and went back to the city. A university student saw a teaching notice in the university to teach in the countryside, eventually fruitless, unable to change the status quo, and to return to the situation; A city migrant worker, in the city hard work, because of the village father's showing off, for the father's face to spend all the money, the daily misery; Meet two rural daily village to play chess, pick up every day, but when an old man go to the city after living, two old people did not have the fellow chess player, all annoyed, living in the city's best the old man went back to the countryside, two people together of sorts. A village youth full of dirty words, go to the city become very good, back to the village people still say dirty words. In the countryside, there are two small guesses, the rural enn love and love, after going to the city, the relationship suffered a setback, fnally two people suffered. The scene, even the space, makes up the story and the space makes up our movie.

一个小孩参加了变形记,在城市调皮,去农村改造,回城市变好;一位大学生在大学看到了支教的通告去农村支教,最终无果,无力改变现状,悻悻而归;一位城市打工的游子,在城市辛勤工作,由于农村父亲的炫耀,为了父亲的面子花光了所有的钱,终日苦恼;两位农村每日相约村口下棋,每天怡然自得,但当一位老人去城市孩子家之后,两位老人没有了棋友,终日烦闷,最好居住在城市的老人回到了农村,二人相聚言笑。一农村青年满口脏话,去城市后变得很好,回村大家还是说脏话。农村的两小无猜,农村恩恩爱爱,去了城市之后,感情受到挫折,最终二人备受煎熬。场景即使空间,场景组成了故事,空间组成了我们的电影。



8.break the beat

Stereotype in architecture field that space and time cannot be discussed in part is dismissed by modern 4-dimension theory. “Atmosphere” defines the space between events and its context, creating emotional moments in timeline. Context,derided from material,has significantly experiential and social potentials worthy exploring. An individual in”atmosphere” is unconsious with its pace of behavior, as engaging in technology and mediums.Arousing consiousness from individuals back to human being is indeed  right of priority.

传统建筑语境下, 空间与时间是不可分割的。而当引入第四个维度——时间后,空间在时间坐标轴上的断面有了”气氛“。”气氛“使空间有了”情绪“, 表现于空间容器内的发生事件与空间的背景——材质。 此时材质并不是简单的
空间的背景,有了更多社会性的可能。在“氛围”下, 个人对他们的行为节奏是无意识的,而这种有节奏的生活是是科技和媒体结合的产物。或许, 我们要唤回”意识“,让城市中的“流”重新返回人。



9.2nd Surface For Green

Fifty years later, in the densely populated city where land is costful, green vegetation in the cracks is like the leftover leaves. The water supply and water treatment systems are invisible. Neither could people see how water is delivered to the kitchen from the forest orthe upper reaches of a water resource, nor could we notice rain felling on the roof and the ground,and then disappearing in the catch basins and sewers. And this is exactly a part of hydrological circle.We may miss the apparent presence of the surrounding natural environment--the woods, the streams, the swamps and the felds ....Wherever we are,in the countryside, in the natural area, or within the cities, these systems just run in their own way. Fifty years later, when the cities become more and more vertical and three-dimensional,And in this way can we bring nature into Beijing.

五十年后,寸土寸金的高密度城市,夹缝里的绿色像掉在一旁的剩菜叶子,超大城市综合体中,给水和水处理系统并没有显示出输送到厨房的水来源于森林和上游流域,也没有显示出雨水落在屋顶和地面铺装然后消失在集水槽和下水道的过程,而这恰恰是水文循环的一部分。眼前的堪称完美的花木来自韩国和喜马拉雅,他们的草坪修剪的像台球桌。人工养护掠夺了自然演替,大型商场内由空调调节的气候及热带植物已经取代了四季轮回。对国家公园或自然保护区的偶尔游览,并不能告诉我们建立他们的目的,它们的自然系统或与大部分人类居住城市之间的关系。城市和自然是相互排斥的,自然被围困在城市之外。我们也许会想念周围自然环境的明显存在,如树林、溪流、沼泽和田野….不管在哪里,这些系统都以这样那样的方式运行着,或者在乡村,或在自然区域,或在城市内部?把自然带进五十年后的城市,用 2% 左右的城市表面为超过 50% 的城市提供自然生境——当城市变得越来越垂直,越来越立体时。



10.Neceesary Riyuals

We must ensure the city can run normally without transferring its problems to the village, and we must make the city to be a role again in sustainably affecting the biosphere.

我们必须确保城市能够正常运行,而不是把问题转移到村落里,我们必须让城市再次发挥可持续的影响生物圈的作用。



11.The Invader

Today's declining cities need a revolutionary evolution ,based on a rational urban planning principle that will allow the city to have a good structure to facilitate healthy development.

——Eliel Saarinen

今天,衰落的城市需要一个革命性的发展,基于合理的城市规划原则,这个原则可以使城市有一个良好的结构健康发展。

——埃利尔·沙里宁



12.UP ,UP, JUMP

The characteristic of ‘one direction’ space allows us to think about the essence of subjectivity which space is considered to be, the potential “up” order of space. Up-up—jump is a process, the up in progress, hypothetical up and necessary jump incident, which role and identity the architecture use to take part in this changing story, it inevitably will be bared, disguised and conspiratorial when we have a dialogue with the space.

“方向”空间的特点使我们能够考虑空间被认为是主体性的本质,潜在“上升”空间秩序。跳跃是一个过程,且正在进行中,假设和必要的跳跃事件,使用哪些角色和身份去参与这个变化的故事,当我们与空间进行对话时,这不可避免地暴露,伪装和阴谋。



13.The Syncretic City

Based on the results of the processing simulation, we discuss the suitable walking distance,and think that the relevant viewpoints of the urban complex are in accordance with the result of processing. We advocate the diversity of urban development, oppose Christal's geographical center, and praise Jane. Jacobs's theory of urban diversity, do not want the city's business district, residential areas, such as the distribution of the function is too absolute, resulting in the urban function is too simplistic, advocating that the contents of the different functions of the city should be mixed arrangement, to avoid "social slum" generation. Urban complexes are matched with urban size, in connection with the modern city main road, so the outdoor space scale is huge, the plan through the outdoor space of organic planning, the construction group of traffic and public space through, to form a green corridor, so that pedestrians within the appropriate walking distance to reach the various functional space.

我们从前期的processing模拟的成果上来看,根据适宜步行距离进行了深入的讨论,认为城市综合体的相关观点与processing带给我们的结果相符合。我们主张城市发展的多样性,反对克里斯塔勒的地理中心论,推崇简。雅各布斯的城市多样性理论,不希望城市中的商业区、居住区等功能分布过于绝对化,从而导致城市功能过于单纯化,主张城市不同功能的内容应当进行混合布置,避免“社会性贫民窟”的产生。城市综合体是与城市规模相匹配,与现代化城市主干道相联系的,因此室外空间尺度巨大,本方案通过室外空间的有机规划,将建筑群体的交通和公共空间贯穿起来,形成绿色通道长廊,使行人在适宜步行距离内到达各个功能空间。



14.Pass Through A City

The urban continuity design stresses the understanding of the structural space and streamline space in the controls the pace of spatial development and reduces the blindness and randomness in the change of space, reaching the goal of intergrity and order for space. The elements contained in the streamline space include separation, fractal etc.

城市连续性的设计强调对结构空间的理解,流线型空间控制空间发展的步伐,减少空间变化的盲目性和随机性,达到空间的完整性和连贯性。流线型空间中包含的元素包括分离和分形等等。



15.Tokyo Olympic Park Replanning

This project is a rethinking of the role of Tokyo 2020 Olympic stadium in the city as well as the post-games use of the Olympic park。I figure out that building a linkage of the exciting public spaces within the walking range of the site is a betterchoice. Referring to the hypha algorithm in biology, I simulate the public oriented people flow around the site, and coded the path-finding algorithm.Finally, I solve the conflicts of the different usage of the site during and after the Olympics.

这个项目是对东京2020奥林匹克体育场在城市中的作用以及奥运公园后游戏使用的重新思考。我认为在站点的步行范围内建立激动人心的公共空间的联动是一个更好的选择。在这个项目中。参考生物学中的菌丝算法,我模拟了围绕现场的公众导向的人流动,并编制了路径搜索算法。最后我解决了奥运期间和之后场地不同使用的冲突。



16.Is it the camera that divides the space?

In movies,because of the camera settings,there are some differences between the actual architectural space and what is showing in the lens.Cameras play an important role in dividing the space which can not be directly separated by the architecture in movies, in order to show the complex psychology situation of the characters.

电影中,由于镜头的设置,真实的建筑空间和镜头中表现出来的建筑空间存在着一定的差别。摄影机对分隔那些在电影中不能直接被建筑分隔的空间起到重要的作用,其目的是为了表现角色复杂的心理状况。



书籍封面



书籍内页



开展日期:2017.09.23-10.07

展厅位置:北京市石景山区西山模式口北京设计周



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